VDW study on the opportunities and risks of AM gives the all-clear – only one per cent replacement of existing processes
Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, 23 February 2016. – This is at least true for the upcoming five to seven years. “Additive Manufacturing (AM) supplements the manufacturing processes available in the metalworking sector. For the time being, there is not going to be any broadly based displacement of existing machining processes, nor the much-cited revolution in industrial production operations,” says
Myron Graw, a partner at KEX Knowledge Exchange AG in Aachen, speaking at the METAV’s opening press conference in Düsseldorf. He is responsible for the firm’s AM operations and thus for the study entitled “Additive Manufacturing – potentials and risks from the viewpoint of the German machine tool industry”, commissioned by the VDW (German Machine Tool Builders’ Association).
“Additive manufacturing processes are linked to high expectations,” comments Dr. Wilfried Schäfer, Executive Director of the METAV’s organiser VDW. “In particular, the vision of entirely new value creation chains right down to customised production of parts or spares on site is arousing keen interest,” he explains. Reason enough for the VDW to commission an academic study of what this actually involves from the machine tool industry’s viewpoint.
KEX AG, in conjunction with the Fraunhofer Institutes for Production Technology (IPT) and Laser Technology (ILT), conducted the study in five stages, with a major focus on metalworking operations:
The most important result is this: assuming annual growth of 40 per cent for additive processes, less than one per cent of the existing technologies will be replaced by additive processes. This relates to the production volume of the international machine tool industry. “Overall, then, only minor shifts can be expected in the future production mix of the machine tool industry,” is Graw’s verdict. Which means that radical changes in the sector are rather unlikely.
The obstacles are costs and machining time
Obstacles to greater market penetration are encountered in the costs involved and the machining time required. In small-series manufacturing, and when producing complex customised and small components, the cost advantages of an additive process can be achieved by tool-less manufacturing. A special advantage ensues when substantial added values can be generated by additive manufacturing, such as lightweight structures in the aircraft industry, cooling ducts and undercuts. That way possible cost-related disadvantages in medium-sized and large series can be compensated.
When it comes to manufacturing large components, additive processes often have cost-related disadvantages. These result not least from the comparatively low build-up rates. Other relevant factors include the expensive machinery required and the high material prices for metal powder. “These cost-drivers will in the years ahead be changed by technological advances and the upsizing of capacities,” admits Graw. This, he adds, will speed up the dissemination of AM.
Potential for hybrid machines
The development of hybrid systems remains an exciting topic. These integrate functional quality for additive manufacturing, e.g. laser deposition welding, into conventional machinery concepts, like machining centres. This creates a potential for repeatedly performing targeted machining tasks during the build-up process. “To enable the options concerned to be efficiently utilised, however, the parts involved have to be completely redesigned. This is also true for the mere additive processes”, explains the KEX researcher. Furthermore, new approaches need to be established for production planning.
This leads to another open question: how AM systems can be integrated into the traditional production environment. Even nowadays, many work sequences are still being performed manually. For the efficient utilisation of AM, questions have to be answered regarding automated powder feed, powder handling, powder removal, dust impact on the surroundings when “unpacking” the parts, automated process chains for removing supporting structures, and much, much more.
Additive manufacturing’s other shortcomings include the still-restricted choice of materials (powder) for the additive processes. Moreover, the quality of additively manufactured components has to be tested in non-destructive mode. Since the parts involved are always more or less one-off designs, their flawless reproducibility first has to be evidenced.
“We can say that additive manufacturing in the metalworking sector is being integrated into the existing value creation chain for metalworking as an additional production technology,” is the verdict of the VDW’s Executive Director, Dr. Wilfried Schäfer. AM, he adds, will thus become another building block besides CAD, simulation, reworking, production metrology and quality assurance. AM will also become of great importance to the machine tool industry itself. For example, when additive processes add value to components, such as extending the longevity.
Additive manufacturing at the METAV 2016
This is precisely what the METAV 2016 aims to showcase with its area concept. The Additive Manufacturing Area in Hall 15 will be spotlighting the entire bandwidth of additive processes, materials and service capabilities themed around 3D printing. Almost all front-ranking hybrid vendors will be represented: Fives, Hybrid Manufacturing Technology, Matzak, Matsuura, Sauer and WFL. As a production process, additive manufacturing intermeshes with the other key elements in the value creation chain.
The additive processes have taken their place in competition with conventional processes. Top-ranking manufacturers from the sector, like Altair Engineering, Citim, Concept Laser, EOS, Höganäs, Keyence, Renishaw, SLM, Trumpf, to name only a few, will be using the METAV to show the flag in this competitive business environment.
Two further events will additionally enrich the presentation of additive manufacturing at the METAV. On 24 and 25 February 2016, the American congress organiser Rising Media will be hosting a B2B congress called “Inside 3D Printing”. In presentations and workshops, around 50 speakers from the research community and the industrial sector will be discussing with the participants topics from the entire value creation chain, from the researchers to the end-users. The highlights will also include the prize-giving ceremony for the International Additive Manufacturing Award (IAMA) under the aegis of the congress, on 24 February 2016. This annual accolade is conferred alternatively in Germany and the USA, to honour innovators from the specialised world of AM, and is worth 100,000 US-dollars.
METAV 2016 in Düsseldorf
The METAV 2016 – the 19th International Exhibition for Metalworking Technologies – will be held in Düsseldorf from 23 to 27 February. It will be showcasing the entire spectrum of production technology. The principal focuses are machine tools, production systems, high-precision tools, automated material flows, computer technology, industrial electronics, and accessories, complemented by the new themes of Moulding, Medical, Additive Manufacturing and Quality, which are now permanently anchored in what are called “areas” with their own nomenclature in the METAV’s exhibition programme. The METAV’s target group for visitors includes all branches of industry that work metal, particularly machinery and plant manufacturers, the automotive industry and its component suppliers, aerospace, the electrical engineering industry, energy and medical technologies, tool and mould-making, plus metalworking and the craft sector.
Further information under: www.metav.de
You will find texts and pictures about the METAV 2016 on the internet under www.metav.de in the Press Service. You can also visit the METAV through our social media channels